Estudios Geológicos, Vol 67, No 2 (2011)

El cambio de ideas acerca de la evolución y morfología functional de los félidos Machairodontinos


https://doi.org/10.3989/egeol.40590.188

A. Turner
School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Reino Unido

M. Antón
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-CSIC, España

M. J. Salesa
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-CSIC, España

J. Morales
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-CSIC, España

Resumen


Los félidos de dientes de sable, los macairodontinos, han ejercido una especial atracción entre los paleontólogos durante muchas décadas, no sólo por su espectacular morfología, sino también debido a que son un llamativo ejemplo de evolución convergente, probablemente ligada a una fuerte presión selectiva. En este trabajo suministramos una recopilación de los cambios de interpretación acerca de su anatomía functional y evolución, desde las primeras hipótesis en las que se proponía un ataque por apuñalamiento y un control pleitrópico del complejo morfológico macairodontino, hasta los actuales puntos de vista que favorecen un modelo de mordedura muy especializado y una evolución en mosaico de los carácteres anatómicos.

Palabras clave


Felidae; Machairodontinae; Anatomía functional; Historia Evolutiva

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