Estudios Geológicos, Vol 67, No 2 (2011)

Anatomía comparada de los senos frontales en el félido dientes de sable primitivo Promegantereon ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae) y felinos actuales de tamaño similar


https://doi.org/10.3989/egeol.40605.189

G. Siliceo
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - CSIC, España

M. J. Salesa
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - CSIC, España

M. Antón
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - CSIC, España

J. F. Pastor
Departamento de Anatomía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Valladolid, España

J. Morales
Departamento de Paleobiología, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - CSIC, España

Resumen


En el presente trabajo, se analizan los senos frontales del félido dientes de sable Promegantereon ogygia, en comparación con los de los felinos actuales Acinonyx jubatus, Puma conocolor y Panthera pardus, de similar peso corporal. El estudio se llevó a cabo utilizando modelos virtuales 3D obtenidos por tomografía axial computerizada, una técnica no destructiva que se ha revelado como una poderosa herramienta para acceder a todo tipo de información intracraneal. Nuestro estudio muestra que los senos frontales de P. ogygia eran más similares a los de P. concolor, tanto en la presencia de varios puntales óseos de refuerzo de la parte dorsal, y en el desarrollo de una notable expansión caudal. Esta expansión caudal actuaría como un aislante térmico del cerebro, y podría indicar un entorno más abierto de lo que se supone para esta especie, mientras que los puntales óseos se relacionarían con tensiones biomecánicas producidas durante el mordisco típico de los macairodontinos, el método de ataque de los machairodontinos.

Palabras clave


seno frontal; pneumatización; cráneo; Felidae; Felinae; Machairodontinae

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