Estudios Geológicos, Vol 76, No 1 (2020)

Pequeños vertebrados del relleno kárstico del Pleistoceno Superior de Avetrana (Apulia, Sur de Italia)


https://doi.org/10.3989/egeol.43378.508

T. Kotsakis
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1142-1332

L. Pandolfi
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4186-4126

L. Maiorino
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-2557

C. Petronio
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università “La Sapienza” di Roma, Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2020-5495

G. Sansalone
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre - Form, Evolution and Anatomy Research Laboratory, Zoology, School of Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England, Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3680-8418

L. Salari
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università “La Sapienza” di Roma, Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1670-530X

Resumen


El depósito (cavidad kárstica) de La Grave, localidad cercana a la pequeña ciudad de Avetrana (Tarento, Italia meridional), ha dado lugar a numerosos fósiles de vertebrados. Los restos de grandes mamíferos han sido objeto de varios estudios. En este trabajo se examinan los restos de pequeños vertebrados y se identifican cuatro taxones de anfibios (Bufo bufo, Bufotes gr. B. viridis, Hyla gr. H. Arborea and Rana (s.l.) sp.), cuatro de reptiles (Testudo hermanni, Podarcis sp., Zamenis gr. Z. longissimus, Natrix natrix), y nueve de pequeños mamíferos (Erinaceus europaeus, Crocidura suaveolens, Arvicola italicus, Microtus (Terricola) savii, Microtus (Microtus) arva­lis, Apodemus gr. A. sylvaticus - A. flavicollis, Hystrix (Acanthion) vinogradovi, Oryctolagus cuniculus and Lepus corsicanus). Desde un punto de vista biocronológico, los datos sobre los vertebrados pequeños y grandes indican una edad entre el comienzo del Pleistoceno tardío (MIS 5e) y la parte central del MIS 3. Es probable que el estrato fosilífero más reciente (nivel 8) se haya depositado durante un período más frío en comparación con las capas anteriores. Los datos de pequeños vertebrados fósiles combinados con los que proceden de los grandes mamífe­ros y aves evidencian la presencia, cerca de la cavidad kárstica, de espacios abiertos (praderas) con charcos de agua, bordeados por zonas boscosas y, no muy lejos, la presencia de una costa rocosa.

Palabras clave


Sistemática; Biocronología; Paleoambientes

Texto completo:


HTML PDF XML

Referencias


Abbazzi, L.; Angelone, C.; Arca, M.; Barisone, G.; Bedetti, C.; Delfino, M.; Kotsakis, T.; Marcolini, F.; Palombo, M.R.; Pavia, M.; Piras, P.; Rook, L.; Torre, D.; Tuveri, C.; Valli, A. & Wilkens, B. (2004). Plio-Pleistocene fossil vertebrates of Monte Tuttavista (Orosei, E. Sardinia, Italy), an overview. Rivista Italiana di Pale­ontologia e Stratigrafia, 110: 681–706.

Abbazzi, L.; Fanfani, F.; Ferretti, M.P.; Rook, L.; Cattani, L.; Masini, F.; Mallegni, F.; Negrino, F. & Tozzi, C. (2000). New human remains of archaic Homo sapi­ens and Lower Palaeolithic industries from Viso­gliano (Duino Aurisina, Trieste, Italy). Journal of Archaeological Science, 27: 1173–1186.

Alves, P.C.; Melo-Ferreira, J.; Branco, M.; Suchentrunk, F.; Ferrand, N. & Harris, D.J. (2008). Evidence for genetic similarity of two allopatric European hares (Lepus corsicanus and L. castroviejoi) inferred from nuclear DNA sequences. Molecular Phyloge­netics and Evolution, 46: 1191–1197.

Amori, G. & Castiglia, R. (2018). Mammal endemism in Italy: A review. Biogeographia, The Journal of Inte­grative Biogeography, 33: 19–31.

Angelici, F.M. & Spagnesi, M. (2008a). Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus; 1758). In: Fauna d’Italia, Mam­malia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomor­pha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 292–302.

Angelici, F.M. & Spagnesi, M. (2008b). Lepus euro­paeus Pallas; 1778. In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 267–282.

Angelici, F.M. & Spagnesi, M. (2008c). Lepus corsica­nus De Winton; 1898. In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 254–266.

Angelici, F.M.; Masseti, M. & Spagnesi, M. (2008). Lepus capensis Linnaeus, 1758. Dati paleontologici e archeozoologici. In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 249–250.

Angelone, C. & Rook, L. (2012). Late Neogene and Qua­ternary lagomorphs from Tuscany: A revision based on specimens in Basel Naturhistorisches Museum and Florence University collections. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology, 131: 127–145.

Anzidei, A.P.; Caloi, L.; Giacopini, L.; Mantero, D.; Palombo, M.R.; Sebastiani, R. & Segre, A.G. (1993). Saggi di scavo nei depositi pleistocenici del km. 18.900 della via Aurelia e di Collina Barbattini (Castel di Guido-Roma). Archeologia Laziale, 11: 81–90.

Argenti, P. (1999). La biocronologia dei roditori del Plio-Pleistocene dell’Umbria e l’evoluzione del genere Apodemus (Muridae, Rodentia) in Italia. Ph.D. Thesis, Università di Perugia, 277 pp.

Balletto E.; Bologna M.A. & Corti C. (2007). Bufo viridis Laurenti, 1768 complex. In: Fauna d’Italia, Amphibia (Lanza, B.; Andreone, F.; Bologna, M.A.; Corti, C. & Razzetti, E., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 296–305.

Bartolini, S.; Cioppi, E.; Rook, L. & Delfino, M. (2014). Late Pleistocene fossils and the future dis­tribution of Rana temporaria (Amphibia; Anura) along the Apennine Peninsula (Italy). Zoological Studies, 53 (76): 1–10.

Bartolomei, G. (1977). Breccia ossifera a elefante e micro­mammiferi presso S. Giovanni di Duino nel Carso di Trieste. Rendiconti dell’Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Serie 8, 61 (1976): 274–279.

Baryshnikov, G.F. (2003). Pleistocene small porcupine from the Ural Mountains, Russia, with note on taxon­omy of Hystrix vinogradovi (Rodentia, Hystricidae). Russian Journal of Theriology, 2: 43–47.

Benvenuti, M.; Bahain, J.-J.; Capalbo, C.; Capretti, C.; Ciani, F.; D’Amico, C.; Esu, D.; Giachi, G.; Giuliani, C.; Gliozzi, E.; Lazzeri, S.; Macchioni, N.; Mariotti Lippi, M.;Masini, F.; Mazza, P.P.A.; Pallecchi, P.; Revedin, A.; Savorelli, A.; Spadi, M.; Sozzi, L.; Vietti, A.; Voltaggio M.; Arangurenh, B. (2017). Paleoenvironmental context of the early Neanderthals of Poggetti Vecchi for the late middle Pleistocene of Central Italy. Quaternary Research, 88: 327–344.

Bertè, D.F. & Pandolfi, L. (2014). Canis lupus (Mammalia, Canidae) from the Late Pleistocene deposit of Ave­trana (Taranto, Southern Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 120: 367–379.

Berto, C.; Bertè, D.; Luzi, E.; López-García, J.M.; Pere­swiet-Soltan, A. & Arzarello, M. (2016). Small and large mammals from the Ciota Ciara cave (Borgose­sia, Vercelli, Italy): An Isotope Stage 5 assemblage. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 15: 669–680.

Berto, C.; Boscato, P.; Boschin, F.; Luzi, E. & Ron­chitelli, A. (2017). Paleoenvironmental and paleo­climatic context during the Upper Palaeolithic (late Upper Pleistocene) in the Italian Peninsula. The small mammal record from Grotta Paglicci (Rignano Garganico, Foggia, Southern Italy). Quaternary Sci­ence Reviews, 168: 30–41.

Berto, C.; Luzi, E; Montanari Canini, G.; Guerreschi, A. & Fontana, F. (2018). Climate and landscape in Italy during Late Epigravettian. The Late Glacial small mammal sequence of Riparo Tagliente (Stallavena di Grezzana, Verona, Italy). Quaternary Science Reviews, 184; 132–142.

Berto, C. & Rubinato, G. (2013). The Upper Pleistocene mammal record from Caverna degli Orsi (San Dor­ligo della Valle e Dolina, Trieste, Italy): A faunal com­plex between eastern and western Europe. Quaternary International, 284: 7–14.

Berto, C.; Santaniello, F. & Grimaldi, S. (2019). Palaeoen­vironment and palaeoclimate in the western Liguria region (northwestern Italy) during the Last Glacial. The small mammal sequence of Riparo Mochi (Balzi Rossi, Ventimiglia). Comptes Rendus Palevol, 18: 13–23.

Bezerra, A.M.R.; Annesi, F.; Aloise, G.; Amori, G.; Giustini, L. & Castiglia, R. (2016). Integrative taxonomy of the Italian pine voles, Microtus savii group (Cricetidae, Arvicolinae). Zoologica Scripta, 45: 225–236.

Böhme, G. (1977). Zur Bestimmung quartärer Anuren Europas an Hand von Skelettelementen. Wissen­schaftliche Zeitschrift der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Mathematische-Naturwissenschaftliche Reihe, 26: 283–300.

Böhme, W.; Paggetti, E.; Razzetti, E. & Vanni, S. (2007). Bufo bufo (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Fauna d’Italia, Amphibia (Lanza, B.; Andreone, F.; Bologna, M.A.; Corti, C. & Razzetti, E., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 289–296.

Bon, M.; Piccoli, G. & Sala, B. (1991). I giacimenti qua­ternari di vertebrati fossili nell’Italia nord-orientale. Memorie di Scienze Geologiche, 43: 185–231.

Bona, F. (2011). Upper Pleistocene small mammal fauna from Salnova Quarry (Saltrio-Varese-Northwestern Lombardy): Paleoenvironmental reconstruction and Chionomys nivalis population study. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 117: 323–330.

Bona, F.; Laurenti, B. & Delfino, M. (2009). Climatic fluctuations during the last glacial in the North-Western Lombardian Prealps: The Upper Pleistocene faunal assemblages of the Caverna Generosa (Como, Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 115: 253–267.

Bona, F.; Sala, B. & Tintori, A. (2008). Early Toringian small mammals fauna from Fontana Marella cave (Varese; Lombardy; North Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 114: 133–144.

Bona, F. & Savoldi, M. (2016). The first record of birch mouse Sicista in the Upper Pleistocene sediments of Caverna Generosa (Como, Italy), with morpho­metrical, morphological and ecological consider­ations. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 122(2): 1–12.

Cagnin, M. (2008). Arvicola amphibius (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 445–458.

Callou, C. (1997). Diagnose différentielle des principaux éléments squelettiques du lapin (genre Oryctolagus) et du lièvre (genre Lepus), en Europe occidentale. Fiches d’Ostéologie Animale pour l’Archéologie, Série B, Mammifères, 8: 1–21.

Capizzi D. & Filippucci M.G. (2008a). Apodemus sylvati­cus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 604–618.

Capizzi, D. & Filippucci, M.G. (2008b). Apodemus flavi­collis (Melchior, 1834). In: Fauna d’Italia, Mamma­lia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 594–603.

Cassoli, P.F. & Tagliacozzo, A. (1994). I macromammferi dei livelli tardopleistocenici delle Arene Candide (Savona; Italia): considerazioni paleontologiche e archeozoologiche. Quaternaria Nova, 4: 101–262.

Castiglia, R.; Aloise, G.; Amori, G.; Annesi, F.; Bertolino, S.; Capizzi, D.; Mori, E. & Colangelo, P. (2016). The Italian peninsula hosts a divergent mtDNA lineage of the water vole, Arvicola amphibius s.l., including fossorial and aquatic ecotypes. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, 27(2): 1–5.

Castiglia, R.; Annesi, F.; Amori, G.; Solano, E. & Alo­ise, G. (2017). The phylogeography of Crocidura suaveolens from southern Italy reveals the absence of an endemic lineage and supports a Trans-Adriatic connection with the Balkanic refugium. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, 28: 104–106.

Cheylan, M.; Corti, C.; Carpaneto, G.M.; Mazzotti, S. & Zuffi, M.A.L. (2011). Testudo hermanni Gmelin, 1789. In: Fauna d’Italia, Reptilia (Corti, C.; Capula, M.; Luiselli, L; Razzetti, E. & Sindaco, R., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 188–199.

Colombero, S.; Alba, D.M.; D’Amico, C.; Delfino, M.; Esu, D.; Giuntelli, P.; Harzhauser, M.; Mazza, P.P.A.; Mosca, M.; Neubauer, T.A.; Pavia, G.; Pavia, M.; Villa, A. & Carnevale, G. (2017). Late Messinian mollusks and vertebrates from Moncucco Torinese, north-western Italy. Paleoecological and paleoclima­tological implications. Palaeontologia Electronica, 20(1, 10A): 1–66.

Contoli, L.; Nappi, A. & Castiglia, R. (2008). Caratteri gen­erali dei Microtus (Terricola) del “gruppo savii”. In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Sorico­morpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 525–535.

Corbet, G.B. (1978). The mammals of the Palaearctic Region: A taxonomic review. Cornell University Press, London & Ithaca, 314 pp.

Corti C.; Sindaco R. & Paggetti E. (2011), Famiglia Lacer­tidae Oppel, 1811. In: Fauna d’Italia, Reptilia (Corti, C.; Capula, M.; Luiselli, L; Razzetti, E. & Sindaco, R., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 328–330.

Cossu, I.M.; Frau, S.; Delfino, M.; Chiodi, A.; Corti, C. & Bellati, A. (2018). First report of Bufo bufo (Lin­naeus, 1758) from Sardinia (Italy). Acta Herpetolog­ica, 13: 43–49.

Curcio, M.T.; Contoli, L.; Di Canzio, E. & Kotsakis, T. (2005). Preliminary analysis of M1 of Late Pleisto­cene and Recent populations of Terricola savii from Italy (Arvicolidae; Rodentia). Geo.Alp, 2: 91–98.

Curcio, M.T.; Tata, C.; Kotsakis, T. & Salvini, F. (2007). A Late Pleistocene (MIS 4) vertebrate assemblage from a fluvial terrace of Fiora river (Northern Latium, Central Italy). In: Proceedings of the Gior­nate di Paleontologia 2005 (Coccioni, R. & Marsili, A., Eds.), Grzybowski Foundation Special Publica­tion, 12: 15–20.

De Curtis, O. (2012). Indicazioni paleoambientali e paleoclimatiche dai reperti di piccoli mammiferi. In: L’insediamento musteriano di Grotta Reali; Roc­chetta a Volturno, Molise, Italia (Peretto, C., Ed.), Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica, 8(2): 19–24.

De Giuli, C. (1983). Le faune pleistoceniche del Salento. 1. La fauna di San Sidero 3. I Quaderni del Museo di Paleontologia di Maglie, 1(1): 45–84.

Delfino, M. (2002). Erpetofaune italiane del Neogene e del Quaternario. Ph.D. Thesis, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 382 pp.

Delfino, M. (2004). The Middle Pleistocene herpetofauna of Valdemino Cave (Liguria; north-western Italy). The Herpetological Journal, 14: 113–128.

Delfino, M. & Atzori, M. (2013). An update on the Early Pleistocene herpetofauna from Pirro Nord. Palae­ontographica, Abteilung A, 298: 19–29.

Delfino, M. & Bailon, S. (2000). Early Pleistocene herpe­tofauna from Cava dell’Erba and Cava Pirro (Apu­lia; Southern Italy). The Herpetological Journal, 10: 95–110.

Delfino, M.; Bailon, S. & Pitruzzella, G. (2011). The Late Pliocene amphibians and reptiles from ‘Capo Mannu D1 Local Fauna’ (Mandriola; Sardinia; Italy). Geodiversitas, 33: 357–382.

Di Canzio, E. & Petronio, C. (2001). Osservazioni sulla fauna a vertebrati pleistocenici della Grotta Cola (Abruzzo; Aquila). Bollettino della Società Paleon­tologica Italiana, 40: 105–114.

Di Stefano, G.; Peronio, C.; Sardella, R.; Savelloni, V. & Squazzini, E. (1992). Nuove segnalazioni di brecce ossifere nella costa fra Castro Marina e Otranto (Lecce). Il Quaternario, 5: 3–10.

Di Stefano, G., Pandolfi, L., Petronio, C. & Salari, L. (2015). Considerations on the morphometry and the occurrence of Cervus elaphus (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Late Pleistocene of the Italian Peninsula. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 121 (1): 1–18.

Doukas, C.S.; Van den Hoek Ostende, L.W.; Theocharo­poulos, C.D. & Reumer, J.W.F. (1995). The verte­brate locality Maramena (Macedonia; Greece) at the Turolian-Ruscinian boundary (Neogene). 5. Insec­tivora (Erinaceidae; Talpidae; Soricidae; Mamma­lia). Münchner Geowissenschafliche Abhandlungen, A, 28: 43–64.

Dubois, A. & Bour, R. (2010). The nomenclatural status of the nomina of amphibians and reptiles created by Garsault (1764); with a parsimonious solution to an old nomenclatural problem regarding the genus Bufo (Amphibia; Anura); comments on the taxonomy of this genus; and comments on some nomina created by Laurenti (1768). Zootaxa, 2447: 1–52.

Dufresnes, C.; Mazepa, G.; Rodrigues, N.; Brelsford, A.; Litvinchuk, S.N.; Sermier, R.; Lavanchy, G.; Betto-Colliard, C.; Blaser, O.; Borzée, A.; Cavoto, E.; Fabre, G.; Ghali, G.; Grossen, C.; Horn, A.; Leuen­berger, J.; Phillips, B.C.; Saunders, P.A.; Savary, R.; Maddalena, T.; Stöck, M.; Dubey, S.; Canestrelli, D. & Jeffries, D.L. (2018). Genomic evidence for cryptic speciation in tree frogs from the Apennine Peninsula, with description of Hyla perrini sp. nov. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6: 144.

Falguères, C.; Bahain, J.J.; Tozzi, C.; Boschian, G.; Dolo, J.M.; Mercier, N.; Valladas, H.; Yokoyama, Y. (2008). ESR/U series chronology of the Lower Palaeolithic palaeoanthropological site of Visogliano, Trieste, Italy. Quaternary Geochronology, 3: 390–398.

Fanfani, F. (2000). Revisione degli insettivori (Mammalia) tardo neogenici e quaternari dell’Italia peninsulare. Ph.D. Thesis, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, 283 pp.

Farina, S. (2014). Catalogue of the Late Pleistocene fos­sil mammalian collection from “Grotta Parignana” (Natural History Museum, University of Pisa). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali Memorie, Serie A, 121: 19–28.

Frost, D.R.; Grant, T.; Faivovich, J.; Bain, R.H.; Haas, A.; Haddad, C.F.B.; de Sá, R.O.; Channing, A.; Wilkinson, M.; Donnellan, S.C.; Raxworthy, C.J.; Campbell, J.A.; Blotto, B.L.; Moler, P.; Drewes, R.C.; Nussbaum, R.A.; Lynch, J.D.; Green, D.M. & Wheeler, W.C. (2006). The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 297: 1–370.

Furió, M. (2007). Los Insectívoros (Soricomorpha, Eri­naceomorpha, Mammalia) del Neógeno Superior del Levante Ibérico. Ph.D. Thesis, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 299 pp.

Furió, M.; Gibert, L.; Ferràndez, C. & Sevilla, P. (2015). The insectivores (Soricidae; Erinaceidae; Euli­potyphla; Mammalia) from Cueva Victoria (Early Pleistocene; Murcia; Spain). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 275: 151–161.

Galindo-Pellicena, M.Á.; Cuenca Bescós, G. & Arsuaga, J.L. (2011). Los micromamíferos (Rodentia; Sorico­morpha; Erinaceomorfa; Lagomorpha y Chiroptera) del Pleistoceno Medio de la Covacha de los Zarpazos (Sierra de Atapuerca,

Burgos, España). Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Sección Geológica, 105: 87–97.

Gatta, M.; Kotsakis, T.; Pandolfi, L.; Petronio, C.; Salari, L.; Achino, K.F.; Silvestri, L.; Rolfo, M.F. (2019). The Late Pleistocene faunal assemblage from Cava Muracci (Latium, Italy): Palaeoenvironmental implications for coastal central Italy during MIS 3. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 18: 51–71.

Gibbs, D.; Barnes, A. & Cox, J. (2001). Pigeons and doves. A guide to the pigeons and doves of the World. Christopher Helm, London, 615 pp. (reprint 2010).

Gippoliti, S. (2012). The name of the Italian water vole Arvicola cf. amphibius (Linnaeus, 1758). Hystrix, 23: 87–89.

Gliozzi, E.; Abbazzi, L.; Argenti, P.; Azzaroli, A.; Caloi, L.; Capasso Barbato, L.; Di Stefano, G.; Esu, D.; Ficcarelli, G.; Girotti, O.; Kotsakis, T.; Masini, F.; Mazza, P.; Mezzabotta, C.; Palombo, M. R.; Petronio, C.; Rook, L.; Sala, B.; Sardella, R.; Zanalda, E. & Torre, D. (1997). Biochronology of selected mam­mals; molluscs and ostracods from the middle Plio­cene to the late Pleistocene in Italy. The state of the art. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 103: 369–388.

Heinrich, W.-D. (1978). Zur biometrischen Erfassung eines Evolutionstrends bei Arvicola (Rodentia; Mammalia) aus dem Pleistozän Thüringens. Säuget­ierkundliche Informationen, 2: 3–21.

Heinrich, W.-D. (1982). Zur Evolution und Biostratigraphie von Arvicola (Rodentia; Mammalia) im Pleistozän Europas. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 10: 683–735.

Hinton, M.A.C. (1910). A preliminary account of the Brit­ish fossil voles and lemmings; with some remarks on the Pleistocene climate and geography. Proceedings of the Geologist’s Association, 21: 489–507.

Holman, J.A. (1998). Pleistocene amphibians and rep­tiles in Britain and Europe. Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics, 38. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 254 pp.

Holz, H. & Niethammer, J. (1990). Erinaceus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas, 3(1): Insectivora, Primates (Niethammer, J. & Krapp, F., Eds.), AULA Verlag, Wiesbaden, 26–49.

Jammot, D. (1973). Les insectivores (Mammalia) du gise­ment Pleistocène Moyen des Abîmes de La Fage Nouailles (Corrèze). Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Lyon, 11: 41–51.

Janossy, D. (1972). Ein kleiner Hystrix aus dem Altpleis­tozän der Fundstelle Osztramos 8 (Nordungarn). Vertebrata Hungarica, 13: 163–183.

Kerbiriou, C.; Gourmelon, F.; Jiguet, F.; Le Viol, I.; Bioret, F. & Julliard, R. (2006). Linking ter­ritory quality and reproductive success in the red-billed chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrochorax: impli­cations for conservation management of an endan­gered population. Ibis, 148: 352–364.

Kotsakis, T. (1977). I resti di anfibi e rettili pleistocenici della Grotta di Spinagallo (Siracusa, Sicilia). Geo­logica Romana, 16: 211–229.

Kotsakis, T. (2008). Storia paleontologica di erinaceo­morfi; soricomorfi; lagomorfi e roditori attuali d’Italia. In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceo­morpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calde­rini, Milano, 1–32.

Kotsakis, T.; Abbazzi, L.; Angelone, C.; Argenti, P.; Barisone, G.; Fanfani, F.; Marcolini, F. & Masini, F. (2003). Plio-Pleistocene biogeography of Italian mainland micromammals. Deinsea, 10: 313–342.

Kotsakis, T. & Barisone, G. (2008). Cenni sui vertebrati fossili di Roma. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 80: 115–143.

Kotsakis, T.; Marcolini, F.; De Rita, D.; Conti, M. & Esu, D. (2011). Three Late Pleistocene small mammal faunas from the Baccano maar (Rome; central Italy). Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 50: 103–110.

Krystufek, B.; Koren, T.; Engelberger, S.; Horvath, G.F.; Arslan, A. & Chisamera, G. (2015). Fossorial mor­photype does not make a species in water voles. Mammalia, 79: 293–303.

Kuzmin, Y.V.; Kosintsev, P.A.; Vasiliev, S.K.; Fadeeva, T.V. & Hodgins, G.W.L. (2017). The northernmost and latest occurrence of the fossil porcupine (Hystrix brachyura vinogradovi Argyropulo; 1941) in the Altai Mountains in the Late Pleistocene (ca. 32;000-41;000 cal BP). Quaternary Science Revews, 161: 117–122.

Lanza, B.; Nistri, A. & Vanni, S. (2007). Genere Hyla Laurenti, 1768. In: Fauna d’Italia, Amphibia (Lanza, B.; Andreone, F.; Bologna, M.A.; Corti, C. & Raz­zetti, E., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 326.

Lawson, R.; Slowinski, J.B.; Crother, B.I. & Burbrink, F.T. (2005). Phylogeny of the Colubro idea (Serpentes): New evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 37: 581–601.

Lenk, P. & Wüster, W. (1999). A multivariate approach to the systematics of Italian rat snakes of the Ela­phe longissima complex (Reptilia; Colubridae): revalidation of Camerano’s Callopeltis longis­simus var. lineata. Herpetological Journal, 9: 153–162.

López-García, J.M.; Berto, C.; Colamussi, V.; Dalla Valle, C.; Lo Vetro, D.; Luzi, E.; Malavasi, G.; Martini, F. & Sala, B. (2014). Palaeoenvironmental and pal­aeoclimatic reconstruction of the latest Pleistocene-Holocene sequence from Grotta del Romito (Calabria; southern Italy) using the small-mammal assem­blages. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeo­ecology, 409: 169–179

López-García, J.M.; Dalla Valle, C.; Cremaschi, M. & Peresani, M. (2015). Reconstruction of the Nean­derthal and Modern Human landscape and climate from the Fumane cave sequence (Verona, Italy) using small mammal assemblages. Quaternary Sci­ence Reviews, 128: 1–13.

López-García, J.M.; Livraghi, A.; Romandini, R. & Pere­sani, M. (2018). The De Nadale Cave (Zovencedo, Berici Hills, northeastern Italy): A small-mammal fauna from near the onset of Marine Isotope Stage 4 and its palaeoclimatic implications. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 506: 196–201.

López-García, J.M.; Luzi, E. & Peresani, M. (2017). Mid­dle to Late Pleistocene environmental and climatic reconstruction of the human occurrence at Grotta Maggiore di San Bernardino (Vicenza, Italy) through the small-mammal assemblage. Quaternary Sci­ence Reviews, 168: 42–54.

López Martínez, N. (1989). Revisión sistemática y bio­stratigráfica de los Lagomorpha (Mammalia) del Ter­ciario y Cuaternario de España. Memorias del Museo Paleontológico de la Universidad de Zaragoza, 3: 1–342.

López Martínez, N. (2008). The lagomorph fossil record and the origin of the European rabbit. In: Lagomorph Biology. Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation (Alves, P.C.; Ferrand, N. & Hackländer, K., Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 27–46.

Louchart, A. (2002). Les oiseaux du Pléistocène de Corse, et de quelques localités sardes. Écologie, evo­lution, biogéographie et extinctions. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de Lyon, 155: 1–287.

Marcolini, F.; Bigazzi, G.; Bonadonna, F.P.; Centamore, E.; Cioni, R. & Zanchetta, G. (2003). Tephrochro­nology and tephrostratigraphy of two Pleistocene continental fossiliferous successions from Central Italy. Journal of Quaternary Science, 18: 545–556.

Marcolini, F.; Piras, P.; Kotsakis, T.; Claude, J.; Michaux, J.; Ventura, J. & Cubo, J. (2011). Phylogenetic signal and functional significance of incisor enamel microstructure in Arvicola (Rodentia, Arvicolinae). Comptes Rendus Palevol, 10: 479–487.

Masini, F.; Giannini, T.; Abbazzi, L.; Fanfani, F.; Delfino, M.; Maul, L.C. & Torre, D. (2005). A latest Biharian small vertebrate fauna from the lacustrine succession of San Lorenzo (Sant’Arcangelo Basin, Basilicata, Italy). Quaternary International, 131: 79–93.

Masini, F.; Maul, L.C.; Abbazzi, L. & Petruso, D. (2003). Independent Arvicola lineages in Italy and Central Europe? In: IV European Congress on Mammalogy, Abstract Book (Macholan, M.; Bryja, J. & Zima, J., Eds.), Brno, p. 164.

Maul, L.; Masini, F.; Abbazzi, L. & Turner, A. (1998). The use of different morphometric data for absolute age calibration of some South- and Middle European arvicolid populations. Palaeontographia Italica, 85: 111–151.

Maul, L.C.; Rekovets, L.; Heinrich, W.-D.; Keller, T. & Storch, G. (2000). Arvicola mosbachensis (Schmidt­gen 1911) of Mosbach 2: A basic sample for the early evolution of the genus and a reference for further biostratigraphical studies. Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 80: 129–147.

Mecozzi, B. & Bartolini Lucenti, S. (2018). The Late Pleistocene Canis lupus (Canidae; Mammalia) from Avetrana (Apulia, Italy): Reappraisal and new insights on the European glacial wolves. Italian Journal of Geosciences, 137: 138–150.

Michaux, J. (1971). Muridae (Rodentia) néogènes d’Europe sud-occidentale. Evolution et rapports avec les forms actuelles. Paleobiologie Continentale, 2(1): 1–67.

Miller, G.S. (1912). Catalogue of the mammals of Western Europe (Europe exclusive of Russia) in the collec­tions of the British Museum. British Museum (N.H.), London, 1019 p.

Minieri, M.R.; Petronio, C.; Sardella, R. & Scarano, M. (1995). Le faune a mammiferi del Pleistocene superiore dell’Italia peninsulare. Quaderni Padusa, 1: 75–87.

Musser, G.G. & Carleton, M.D. (2005). Superfamily Muroidea. In: Mammal Species of the World, 3rd ed. (Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.A.M., Eds.), The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Vol. 2: 894–1531.

Nappi, A. (2001). I micromammiferi d'Italia. Edizioni Simone, Naples, 112 pp.

Niethammer, J. & Krapp, F. (1978). Familie Muridae Gray, 1821. In: Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas, 1(1): Rodentia I (Sciuridae, Castoridae, Gliridae, Muridae) (Niethammer, J. & Krapp, F., Eds.), Aka­demische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden, 281–289.

Niethammer, J. & Krapp, F. (1990). Familie Erinaceidae Bonaparte, 1838. In: Handbuch der Säugetiere Euro­pas, 3(1): Insectivora, Primates (Niethammer, J. & Krapp, F., Eds.), AULA Verlag, Wiesbaden, 20–25.

Nocchi, G. & Sala, B. (1997b). The fossil rabbit from Valdemino Cave (Borgio Verezzi, Savona) in the context of western Europe Oryctolagini of Quater­nary. Palaeovertebrata, 26: 167–187.

Nocchi, G. & Sala, B. (1997a). Oryctolagus burgi n. sp. (Mammalia: Lagomorpha) from the Middle Pleis­tocene levels of Grotta Valdemino (Borgio Verezzi, Savona, north-west Italy). Paleontologia i Evolució, 30/31: 19–38.

Palacios, F. (1996). Systematics of the indigenous hares of Italy traditionally identified as Lepus europaeus Pallas, 1778 (Mammalia: Leporidae). Bonner Zoolo­gische Beiträge, 46: 59–91.

Pandolfi, L.; Boscato, P.; Crezzini, J.; Gatta, M.; Moroni, A.; Rolfo, M. & Tagliacozzo, A. (2017b). Late Pleis­tocene last occurrences of the narrow-nosed rhi­noceros Stephanorhinus hemitoechus (Mammalia; Perissodactyla) in Italy. Rivista Italiana di Paleonto­logia e Stratigrafia, 123: 177–192.

Pandolfi, L.; Mannino, M.A.; Talamo, S.; Salari, L.; Sanso’, P.; Sublimi Saponetti, S.; Vacca, E.; Vicari, D.; Richards, M.P. & Petronio, C. (2017a). A reas­sessment of the infills and faunal assemblages of karst cavities known as ventarole in Salento (Apulia, Southern Italy): A multidisciplinary investigation on Cava Donno (Corigliano d’Otranto, Lecce). Alpine and Mediterranean Quaternary, 30: 25–40.

Pandolfi, L. & Petronio, C. (2011). The small-sized rhinoceroses from the Late Pleistocene of Apulia (southern Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 117 (3): 509–520.

Pandolfi, L. & Tagliacozzo, A. (2015). Stephanorhinus hemitoechus (Mammalia, Rhinocerotidae) from the Late Pleistocene of Valle Radice (Sora, Central Italy) and re-evaluation of the morphometric variability of the species in Europe. Geobios, 48 (2): 169–191.

Pandolfi, L. & Petronio, C. (2015). A brief review of the occurrences of Pleistocene Hippopotamus (Mamma­lia, Hippopotamidae) in Italy. Geologia Croatica, 68: 313–319.

Pandolfi, L.; Petronio, C. & Salari, L. (2011). Bos primigenius Bojanus, 1827 from the early Late Pleistocene deposit of Avetrana (Southern Italy) and the variation in size of the species in southern Europe: Preliminary report. Journal of Geologi­cal Research, 2011 (ID 245408): 1–11.

Pandolfi, L.; Petronio, C. & Salari, L. (2013). Catastrophic death assemblages from the Late Pleistocene of Italy: The case of Avetrana karst filling (Taranto, southern Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 119: 109–124.

Paolucci, P. & Amori, G. (2008). Microtus arvalis (Pallas, 1778). In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceo­morpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calde­rini, Milano, 494–503.

Pasquier, L. (1974). Dynamique évolutive d’un sous-genre de Muridae, Apodemus (Sylvaemus). Étude biométrique des caractères dentaires de populations fossils et actuelles d’Europe occidentale. Ph.D. Thesis, Université des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, 181 pp.

Petronio, C.; Bellardini, F.; Arzarello, M.; Bedetti, C.; Bellucci, L.; Cipullo, A.; Di Stefano, G.; Pandolfi, L.; Pavia, M.; Petrucci, M.; Sardella, R. & Salari, L. (2008). The deposits of the Late Pleistocene from Avetrana (Taranto, southern Italy). Biochronology and palaeoecology. Il Quaternario, 21: 409–422.

Petronio, C.; Di Canzio, E. & Salari, L. (2007). The Late Pleistocene and Holocene mammals in Italy: New biochronological and paleoenvironmental data. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A, 279: 147–157.

Petruso, D.; Locatelli, E.; Surdi, G.; Dalla Valle, C.; Masini, F. & Sala, B. (2011). Phylogeny and bio­geography of fossil and extant Microtus (Terricola) (Mammalia; Rodentia) of Sicily and the southern Italian peninsula based on current dental morpho­logical data. Quaternary International, 243: 192–203.

Piertney, S.B.; Stewart, W.A.; Lambin, X.; Telfer, S.; Aars, J. & Dallas, J.F. (2005). Phylogeographic structure and postglacial evolutionary history of water voles (Arvicola terrestris) in the United King­dom. Molecular Ecology, 14: 1435–1444.

Piras, P.; Marcolini, F.; Claude, J.; Ventura, J.; Kotsakis, T. & Cubo, J. (2012). Ecological and functional correlates of molar shape variation in European populations of Arvicola (Arvicolinae; Rodentia). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 251: 335–343.

Piras, P.; Marcolini, F.; Raia, P.; Curcio, M.T. & Kot­sakis, T. (2009). Testing evolutionary stasis and trends in first lower molar shape of extinct Italian populations of Terricola savii (Arvicolidae, Roden­tia) by means of geometric morphometrics. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22: 179–191.

Piras, P.; Marcolini, F.; Raia, P.; Curcio, M.T. & Kotsakis, T. (2010). Ecophenotypic variation and phylogenetic inheritance in first lower molar shape of extant Italian populations of Microtus (Terricola) savii (Rodentia). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 99: 632–647.

Popov, V.V. (2004). Late Pliocene Erinaceidae and Tal­pidae (Mammalia: Lipotyphla) from Varshets (North Bulgaria). Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 47: 61–80.

Púgener, L.A. & Maglia, A.M. (1997). Osteology and skeletal development of Discoglossus sardus (Anura: Discoglossidae). Journal of Morphology, 233: 267–286.

Rage, J.-C. (1974). Les batraciens des gisements quater­naires européens. Détermination ostéologique. Bul­letin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon, 43: 276–289.

Reggiani, G. & Filippucci, M.G. (2008). Erinaceus euro­paeus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Soricomorpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 70–81.

Reumer, J.W. F. & Hordijk, L.W. (1999). Pleistocene Insec­tivora (Mammalia) from the Zuurland boreholesnear Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Deinsea, 7: 253–281.

Riga, F.; Trocchi, V.; Angelici, F.M.; Randi, E. & Pier­paoli, M. (2003). Lepus corsicanus De Winton, 1898 - Apenninenhase. In: Handbuch der Säugetiere Euro­pas, 3(2): Lagomorpha (Niethammer, J. & Krapp, F., Eds.), AULA Verlag, Wiesbaden, 117–135.

Ronchitelli, A.; Boscato, P.; Surdi, G.; Masini, F.; Petruso, D.; Accorsi, C.A. & Torri, P. (2011). The Grotta Grande of Scario (Salerno, Italy): Archaeology and environment during the last interglacial (MIS 5) of the Mediterranean region. Quaternary Inter­national, 231: 95–109.

Rustioni, M.; Ferretti, M.P.; Mazza, P.; Pavia, M. & Varola, A. (2003). The vertebrate fauna from Carda­mone (Apulia, southern Italy): An example of Medi­terranean mammoth fauna. Deinsea, 9: 395–403.

Rustioni, M.; Mazza, P.; Abbazzi, L.; Delfino, M.; Rook, L.; Petrucci, S. & Vianello, F. (1994). The Würmian fauna from Sternatia (Lecce, Apulia, Italy). Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 33: 279–288.

Sala, B. & Marchetti, R. (2006). The Po Valley floodplain (northern Italy): A transitional area between two zoogeographical areas during the Late Neogene and Quaternary. Courier Forschungsinstitut Sencken­berg, 256: 321–328.

Sala, B. & Masini, F. (2007). Late Pliocene and Pleisto­cene small mammal chronology in the Italian pen­insula. Quaternary International, 160: 4–16.

Salari, L. (2014). Holocene micromammals (Soricomor­pha and Rodentia) from some caves of Central Italy. Revue de Paléobiologie, 30: 79–96.

Salari, L.; Passacantando, D. & Rolfo, M.F. (2011). First data on the latest Pleistocene mammals from Mora Cavorso cave (Jenne, Latium, Central Italy). Il Qua­ternario, 24: 131–140.

Salari, L. & Sardella, R. (2009). The Pleistocene porcu­pine Hystrix vinogradovi Argyropulo, 1941 in Italy. Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 48: 123–127.

Salari, L. & Sardella, R. (2011). Il genere Hystrix Linnaeus, 1758 in Italia nel Pleistocene. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali Memorie, Serie A, 116: 171–178.

Salari, L. & Silvestri, L. (2015). Holocene bats (Mammalia; Chiroptera) from five caves of Central Apennines (Italy). Barbastella, 8: 27–41.

Salvi, D.; Mendes, J.; Carranza, S. & Harris, D.J. (2018). Evolution, biogeography and systematics of the western Palaearctic Zamenis ratsnakes. Zoologica Scripta, https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12295.

Sarà, M. (2008). Crocidura suaveolens (Pallas, 1811). In: Fauna d’Italia, Mammalia II. Erinaceomorpha, Sorico­morpha, Lagomorpha, Rodentia (Amori, G.; Contoli, L. & Nappi, A., Eds.), Calderini, Milano, 218–225.

Sardella, R.; Bedetti, C.; Bellucci, L.; Conti, N.; Coppola, D.; Di Canzio, E.; Pavia, M.; Petronio, C.; Petrucci, M. & Salari, L. (2005). The Late Pleistocene verte­brate fauna from Avetrana (Taranto, Apulia, South­ern Italy): Preliminary report. Geo.Alp, 2: 25–29.

Scali, S.; Gentili, A. & Lanza, B. (2011). Natrix natrix (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Fauna d’Italia, Reptilia (Corti, C.; Capula, M.; Luiselli, L; Razzetti, E. & Sindaco, R., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 552–562.

Siori, M.S.; Boero, A.; Carnevale, G.; Colombero, S.; Delfino, M.; Sardella, R. & Pavia, M. (2014). New data on Early Pleistocene vertebrates from Monte Argentario (Central Italy). Paleoecological and bio­chronological implications. Geobios, 47: 403–418.

Stöck, M.; Dufresnes, C.; Litvinchuk, S.N.; Lymberakis, P.; Biollay, S.; Berroneau, M.; Borzée, A.; Ghali, K.; Ogielska, M. & Perrin, N. (2012). Cryptic diversity among Western Palearctic tree frogs: postglacial range expansion; range limits; and secondary contacts of three European tree frog lineages (Hyla arborea group). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 65: 1–9.

Stöck, M.; Sicilia, A.; Belfiore, N.M.; Buckley, D.; Lo Brutto, S.; Lo Valvo, M. & Arculeo, M. (2008). Post-Messinian evolutionary relationships across the Sicilian channel: Mitochondrial and nuclear mark­ers link a new green toad from Sicily to African relatives. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 8 (56): 1–19.

Szyndlar, Z. (1984). Fossil snakes from Poland. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 28: 1–156.

Szyndlar, Z. (1991a). A review of Neogene and Quaternary snakes of Central and Eastern Europe. Part 1: Scoleco­phidia, Boidae, Colubrinae. Estudios Geológicos, 47: 103–126.

Szyndlar, Z. (1991b). A review of Neogene and Qua­ternary snakes of Central and Eastern Europe. Part 2: Natricinae, Elapidae, Viperidae. Estudios Geológicos, 47: 237–266.

Taberlet, P.; Fumagalli, L.; Wust-Saucy, A.G. & Cosson, J.F. (1998). Comparative phylogeographyand post­glacial colonization routes in Europe. Molecular Ecology, 7: 453–464.

Tang, Zhuowei & Kotsakis, T. (2008). Tardiglacial micro­mammals of Riparo Salvini (Latium, Central Italy). Geologica Romana, 41: 125–132.

Trocchi, V. & Riga, F. (2005). I lagomorfi in Italia. Linee guida per la conservazione e gestione. Istituto Nazio­nale per la Fauna Selvatica, Documenti Tecnici, 25: 1–128.

Van der Meulen A. J. (1973). Middle Pleistocene smaller mammals from the Monte Peglia; (Orvieto; Italy) with special reference to the phylogeny of Microtus (Arvicolidae; Rodentia). Quaternaria, 17: 1–144.

Venchi, A. & Luiselli, L. (2011a). Zamenis lineatus (Cam­erano, 1891). In: Fauna d’Italia, Reptilia (Corti, C.; Capula, M.; Luiselli, L; Razzetti, E. & Sindaco, R., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 584–586.

Venchi, A. & Luiselli, L. (2011b). Zamenis longissimus (Laurenti, 1768). In: Fauna d’Italia, Reptilia (Corti, C.; Capula, M.; Luiselli, L; Razzetti, E. & Sindaco, R., Eds.), Calderini, Bologna, 587–590.

Vigne, J.D. (1992). Zooarchaeology and the biogeograph­ical history of the mammals of Corsica and Sardinia since the last ice age. Mammal Review, 22: 87–96.

Villa, A.; Blain, H.-A. & Delfino, M. (2018a). The Early Pleistocene herpetofauna of Rivoli Veronese (North­ern Italy) as evidence for humid and forested glacial phases in the Gelasian of Southern Alps. Palaeogeogra­phy Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 490: 393–403.

Villa, A.; Bon, M. & Delfino, M. (2018b). Trapped in a roman well: Amphibians and reptiles from Tenuta Zuccarello near Marcon, Venice, Italy. Historical Biology, 2018: 1–16.

Villa, A.; Boschian, G.; Tozzi, C. & Delfino, M. (2018c). Preliminary report on the amphibians and reptiles from the lower palaeolithic palaeoanthropological site of Visogliano (NE Italy). Abstracts of the XVI Annual Meeting of the European Association of Ver­tebrate Palaeontologists, Caparica, 195.

Vismara, P. (2012). Il genere Lepus in Italia: chiavi diag­nostiche morfo-odontologiche e contributi paleo­biogeografici. Ph.D. Thesis, Università di Milano, 376 pp.

Vismara, P.; Riga, F.; Sala, B. & Trocchi, V. (2014). Paleo­biogeografia di Lepus corsicanus. Riassunti del IX Congresso Italiano di Teriologia. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, 25 (Supplement): 35.

Weers, D.J. van (1994). The porcupine Hystrix refossa Gervais, 1852 from the Plio-Pleistocene of Europe, with notes on other fossil and extant species of the genus Hystrix. Scripta Geologica, 106: 35–52.




Copyright (c) 2020 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.


Contacte con la revista estudios.geologicos@igeo.ucm-csic.es

Soporte técnico soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es