Estudios Geológicos, Vol 73, No 1 (2017)

Dinámica de la estructura de comunidades del Cenozoico tardío de Norteamérica: Episodios de Recambio Rápido de Fauna (RTE) dentro del concepto de Cronofauna

R. E. Hernández Jasso

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/egeol.42668.434

Resumen


A lo largo del Cenozoico tardío la riqueza genérica máxima tendió hacia la perdida de diversidad, aunque se reconocieron tres picos con tasas muy altas de primeros registros seguidos de una alta tasa de extinciones que se expresan como episodio de recambio rápido de faunas (RTE) (Henfiliano temprano, Blancano tardío e Irvingtoniano tardío). Sin embargo, la secuencia de estos sucesos forma un patrón que se ajusta al concepto de cronofauna de Olson (1952). Los episodios de RTE se considerarían en esta estructura como los eventos de transición entre cronofaunas. Mientras que los periodo de relativo equilibro equivaldrían a la propia cronofauna, en la cual los nuevos ecomorfos van adquiriendo un papel dominante, persistiendo alrededor de una serie de intervalos, no así su composición taxonómica, la cual es alterada por pequeños reajustes de fauna de baja intensidad.
Bajo este patrón podemos deducir que en los últimos 9 millones de años se reconocen 4 cronofaunas distintas: cronofauna del Clarendoniano (sección tardía), cronofauna del Blancano, cronofauna del Irvingtoniano y cronofauna del Holoceno (sección inicial).

Palabras clave


Dinámica de la estructura de comunidades; Cronofauna; Recambio rápido de fauna; Norteamérica; Cenozoico tardío

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